Sub section: Breeding Terminology
Make sure you are familiar with all these words before starting, because we'll be referencing them a lot! They also act as quick explanations of things covered in more detail later on.
Actual Stats - The actual number that's used to calculate damage done, taken, turn order, hp, etc. The first number of 3 in each attribute on a pokemon's stat page.
Ability - All pokemon have natural abilities that have some sort of function in (and sometimes out of) battle. You can find a pokemon's ability in its summary on the bottom of its stat page. Female pokemon will often pass down their ability.
Base stats - The innate stats a pokemon of that species has. All IVs and EVs add to the base stats in the final calculation of the pokemon's actual stats.
Base stat total - The result of adding all of a pokemon species' base stat values together. A good gauge of how strong pokemon are on a very basic level.
Breeding Chain - The act of breeding a pokemon of two egg groups with an already complete pokemon of one of its egg groups so one can pass IVs to a pokemon of the second egg group of the new pokemon (more on this below).
Effort Values/ EV - A stat that ranges from 0 to 252. Pokemon gain EV from defeating other pokemon or playing the punching bag minigame offered by the EV training ninjas. A pokemon can have a maximum of 510 EVs total (when you add all its EVs together). You can see a pokemon's EVs on its stat page as the 3rd stat number of each attribute. More information on Bulbapedia here.
Egg Group - Determines what Pokemon the pokemon is able to breed with. Pokemon of the same egg group will be able to breed, while pokemon of different egg groups will not be able to. The exception to this rule is the "Ditto" egg group.
Hidden Ability - An ability a pokemon may have. They are extremely rare and SHOULD be accessible via. Pokeradar chains. How effective it is, is up for debate. The only way to get pokemon with their hidden ability is to breed a female said ability with a male pokemon (60% chance) or breed a male pokemon with it with a ditto egg group (untested, but theoretically 20% chance).
Individual Values/ IV - A stat that ranges from 0 to 31 that each pokemon has in each of their stats. The IV dramatically impacts the calculation of a pokemon's actual stats. The higher IV, the higher the actual stat will be when you don't factor in level, nature, and EVs. The second value in a pokemon's stats for every attribute. IVs CANNOT BE CHANGED AFTER THE POKEMON HAS BEEN GENERATED! This what we mainly breed for. More information on Bulbapedia here.
Nature - The pokemon's personality. A pokemon's nature will either impact two of its stats or none of them (in this case, it is a neutral nature). Non-neutral natures will always increase one stat and decrease another by about 10%! You can find a pokemon's nature on the second page of their summary. More information on Bulbapedia here.
Original Trainer/ OT - The name of the trainer that originally generated the pokemon. Any eggs you hatch or pokemon you catch will have your trainer name as the OT.